Anuta is one of the islands traditionally known as the 'Polynesian Outliers'. Now politically part of the Solomon Islands, it is noteworthy for being one of the smallest inhabited islands in the Pacific. Its people constitute a single ethnolinguistic group.

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Traditional Culture(1915)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
Nature god(s) Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
Ancestral spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
Deified ancestor(s) Present, and the principal focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
God(s) Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Feinberg (1995)

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Feinberg (1995)

Afterlife and Creation

Culture hero(es) Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Feinberg (1995)

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Feinberg (1995)

Classes of Tapu

Social hierarchy tapu Present (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15

Mana

Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Present (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
Mana linked to genealogy Present, linked to both paternal and maternal lines (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 14
Mana and social status Tightly coupled (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
Mana as a personal quality Present (Source)
Blust (2007)
Feinberg (1995)
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Present (Source)
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15
Largest religious community Larger than a household, no larger than the local community (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13-15
Feinberg (1988)
Political and religious differentiation Considerable overlap between religious and political leaders (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15

Rites

Tattooing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15
Genital cutting Present in the culture as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15
Social Environment +
Population 62 (Source)
Yen et al. (1973), pp. 4
Population of largest political community 99 or fewer (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15
Importance of Patrilateral descent High (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 14
Importance of Matrilateral descent Low (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 14
Polygamy Monogamy preferred, but exceptional cases of polygyny (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 14
Marital residence Patrilocal or virilocal - with husband's kin (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 14

Conflict

(No) external warfare Rare or never (Source)
Feinberg (2011), pp. 34-38
Conflict within community Low (Source)
Feinberg (1998), pp. 34
(No) internal warfare Rare or never (Source)
Feinberg (2011), pp. 28-34
Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 133.5 (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Distance to nearest continent 2341.0 (Source)
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Absent: No evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Absent (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 76
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 76
Land-based gathering Minor (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 74, 76
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Absent (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 76
Agriculture / Horticulture Principal (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 74

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Major (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 76
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Major (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 76
Water-based gathering Major (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 76

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Absent (Source)
Kirch (2002)
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Bellwood et al (1975)
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture One (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Volcanic high island (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13
Island Size (km²) 0.4 (Source)
Kirch (2002), pp. 72
Maximum elevation (meters) 78.0 (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13

Location

Latitude -11.6 (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude 169.8 (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 13
Google Maps (2014)
Post Contact History(1915-2014)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Use of force in conversion Low (Source)
Feinberg (2011), pp. 31
Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Feinberg (2011), pp. 31
Resident missionary involvement in conversion process Present, and from Austronesian societies only (Source)
Feinberg (2011), pp. 31

Syncretic Movements

Syncretic religious movements Absent (Source)
Feinberg (1995)
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Foreign government systems Present, but of low importance (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15

Loss of Autonomy

Loss of political autonoomy Low (Source)
Feinberg (1991), pp. 15
Current Culture(2014)Expand All +
Belief +

Religious Demographics

Dominant world religion Christianity (Source)
Feinberg (1995), pp. 286
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Bellwood, P., Ayres, W. S., Clune Jr, F. J., Craib, J., Durbin, T. E., Young, F. A., ... & Green, R. C. (1975). The Prehistory of Oceania [and Comments and Reply]. Current Anthropology, 16(1), 9-28. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2740946

Blust, R. (2007). Proto-Oceanic *Mana Revisited. Oceanic Linguistics, 46(2), 404-423. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20172322

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Feinberg, R. (1988). Socio-spatial symbolism and the logic of rank on two Polynesian outliers. Ethnology, 27(3), 291-310. DOI: 10.2307/3773522

Feinberg, R. (1991). Anuta. Encyclopaedia of World Cultures (Volume II: Oceania) (pp 13-16). New York, NY: G.K. Hall & Co.

Feinberg, R. (1995). Christian Polynesians and Pagan Spirits: Anuta, Solomon Islands. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 104 (3), 267-301. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20706624

Feinberg, R. (1998). Righting Wrongs on Anuta. Pacific Studies, 21(3), 29.

Feinberg, R. (2011). Anuta: Polynesian Lifeways for the 21st Century (2nd Ed.). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Kirch, P.V. (2002). Te Kai Paka-Anuta: Food in a Polynesian Outlier Society. Le Journal de la Société des Océanistes, 114-115, 71-89. Retrieved from http://jso.revues.org/1404

Yen, D. E., Kirch, P. V., & Rosendahl, P. H. (1973). Anuta - an introduction. In D. E. Yen & J. Gordon (Eds.), Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands (pp. 1-8). Honolulu, Hawaii: Bernice P. Bishop Museum.

Yen, D.E. & Gordon, J. (1973). Anuta: A Polynesian Outlier in the Solomon Islands. Honolulu, HI: Bernice P. Bishop Museum.