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Traditional Culture(1860-1885)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Absent (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327-335, 327
Nature god(s) Absent (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327-335, 327
Ancestral spirits Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327-328
Deified ancestor(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 327-328
God(s) Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 216-217

Afterlife and Creation

One's actions while living can affect the nature of one's afterlife Absent (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 328
The actions of others after one has died can affect the nature of one's afterlife Absent (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 328

Classes of Tapu

Kinship tapu Present (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 214
Resource management tapu Present (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 218

Mana

Mana as a personal quality Absent (Source)
Blust (2007), pp. 418
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Present (Source)
Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Present (Source)
Blust (2007), pp. 418
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Present (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 224
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327
Jackson (1975), pp. 65
Costly sacrifices and offerings Absent (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327
Size of largest ritual social group Larger than a local community, no larger than the largest political community in the culture (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 327
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 213

Rites

Piercing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 228
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 336-343
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 336-343
Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Bogesi (1948B), pp. 336-343
Social Environment +
Population 4,000 (Source)
Jackson (1975)
Importance of Patrilateral descent Low (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 217
Importance of Matrilateral descent High (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 217

Conflict

Conflict between communities of the culture Common, at least every five years (Source)
Jackson (1975), pp. 67, 70
Conflict with other cultures Frequent, occurring at least yearly (Source)
Jackson (1975), pp. 65-66, 70-71
Cultural Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Jackson (1975), pp. 65
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 0.0 (Source)
White (1991), pp. 23
Distance to African or Asian mainland (km) 5733.9 (Source)
Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands) (2014)
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Present: Clear evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Christian influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence but in a region where contact is likely (Source)
Jackson (1975), pp. 65, 59
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Medium (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 223-224
Land-based gathering Major (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 223
Agriculture / Horticulture Major (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 221, 223

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Medium (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 225-226
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Bogesi (1948A), pp. 223, 225-226
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Bellwood et al (1975)
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture Two (Source)
Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands) (2014)

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Latitude -8.5 (Source)
Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands) (2014)
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude 159.8 (Source)
Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands) (2014)
Google Maps (2014)
Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Volcanic high island (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Solomon Islands) (2014)
Island Size (kmĀ²) 3700.0 (Source)
Daft Logic Area Calculator (2014)
Maximum elevation (meters) 1219.0 (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Santa Isabel) (2014)
Post Contact History(1885-2014)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Role of social status in conversion process Primarily a top-down process. (Source)
Jackson (1975)
Use of force in conversion Low (Source)
Jackson (1975)
Resident missionary involvement in conversion process Present, and from non-Austronesian societies (Source)
Jackson (1975)
Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Jackson (1975)

Syncretic Movements

Syncretic religious movements Absent (Source)
Jackson (1975)
Bogesi (1948A)
Bogesi (1948B)
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Immigration Low (Source)
Solomon Islands Census (Isabel Profile) (2009), pp. 25
Language shift Medium (Source)
Solomon Islands Census (Isabel Profile) (2009), pp. 32
Foreign education systems High (Source)
Solomon Islands Census (Isabel Profile) (2009), pp. 28

Economic Changes

Exportation of goods to other cultures Present and substantial (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Santa Isabel) (2014)

Modern Infrastructure

Sea port Present (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Santa Isabel) (2014)
Current Culture(2014)Expand All +
Belief +

Religious Demographics

Dominant world religion Christianity (Source)
Jackson (1975)
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Bellwood, P., Ayres, W. S., Clune Jr, F. J., Craib, J., Durbin, T. E., Young, F. A., ... & Green, R. C. (1975). The Prehistory of Oceania [and Comments and Reply]. Current Anthropology, 16(1), 9-28. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2740946

Blust, R. (2007). Proto-Oceanic *Mana Revisited. Oceanic Linguistics, 46(2), 404-423. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20172322

Bogesi, G. (1948A). Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands. Oceania, 18 (3), 208-232. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40328163

Bogesi, G. (1948B). Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands (Continued). Oceania, 18 (4), 327-357. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40328178

Brunton, R. (1989). The Abandoned Narcotic: Kava and Cultural Instability in Melanesia. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Area Calculator. (2014). Retrieved from: http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-area-calculator-tool.htm.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Encyclopaedia Britannica (Santa Isabel). (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://academic.eb.com.ezproxy.auckland.ac.nz/EBchecked/topic/522907/Santa-Isabel

Encyclopaedia Britannica (Solomon Islands). (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/553556/Solomon-Islands

Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands). (2014). Map of Solomon Islands. Retrieved from http://www.ethnologue.com/map/SB.

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Jackson, A. (1975). Head-hunting in the Christianization of Bugotu 1861-1900. The Journal of Pacific History, 10 (1), 65-78. DOI: 10.1080/00223347508572266

Solomon Islands Government. (2009). Provincial Profile of the 2009 Population & Housing Census: Isabel. Retrieved from: http://www.spc.int/prism/solomons/index.php/sinso-documents?view=download&fileId=67

White, G. M. (1991). Identity Through History: Living Stories in a Solomon Islands Society. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

White, G.M. (1992). The Discourse of Chiefs: Notes on a Melanesian Society. The Contemporary Pacific, 4 (1), 73-108. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/23699844