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Traditional Culture(1875-1900)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 152
Nature god(s) Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 152-153
Ancestral spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 120, 146-147
Deified ancestor(s) Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 120, 146-147, 152-153
God(s) Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 152-153

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153

Afterlife and Creation

One's actions while living can affect the nature of one's afterlife One factor in determining one's afterlife (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153
The actions of others after one has died can affect the nature of one's afterlife One factor in determining one's afterlife (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 120

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 150

Mana

Mana as a personal quality Absent (Source)
Blust (2007)
Blevins (2008)
Keesing (1984)
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Absent (Source)
Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Absent (Source)
Blust (2007)
Blevins (2008)
Keesing (1984)
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920)
Costly sacrifices and offerings Present (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 126
Size of largest ritual social group Larger than the largest political community in the culture (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920)
Political and religious differentiation Considerable overlap between religious and political leaders (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 123

Rites

Piercing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 48-55
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920)
Scarification Absent from culture (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 48-55
Tattooing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 54
Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920)
Social Environment +
Population 4000 (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 48
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Importance of Patrilateral descent High (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Importance of Matrilateral descent Low (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Kinship system Hawaiian (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Polygamy Monogamy preferred, but exceptional cases of polygyny (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 87
Marital residence Patrilocal or virilocal - with husband's kin (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86

Conflict

Conflict within communities Low (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 82
Conflict between communities of the culture Common, at least every five years (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 82-83
Young (1991B), pp. 87
Conflict with other cultures Common, at least every five years (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 82-89, 82-83, 85, 86-87
Cultural Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85, 86
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 4.8 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Distance to African or Asian mainland (km) 5086.8 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Present: Clear evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Christian influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence but in a region where contact is likely (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 20, 28-36, 31
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 20-22, 28-36, 31
Land-based gathering Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36, 31-33
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 20-22, 28-36, 31
Young (1991B)
Agriculture / Horticulture Principal (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Minor (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 31, 32-33
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 31, 32-33
Water-based gathering Minor (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36, 32-33

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Medium (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36, 32-33
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 182-201
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture One (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Latitude -9.3 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude 150.2 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Google Maps (2014)
Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Volcanic high island (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Goodenough Island) (2014)
Island Size (km²) 777.0 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Maximum elevation (meters) 2440.0 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Post Contact History(1900-2014)Expand All +
Secular History +

Modern Infrastructure

Air travel Present and long-distance (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Goodenough Island) (2014)

Loss of Autonomy

Loss of political autonoomy Medium (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Goodenough Island) (2014)
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Blevins, J. (2008). Some Comparative Notes on Proto-Oceanic *Mana: Inside and Outside the Austronesian Family. Oceanic Linguistics, 47 (2), 253-274. Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/ol/summary/v047/47.2.blevins.html

Blust, R. (2007). Proto-Oceanic *Mana Revisited. Oceanic Linguistics, 46(2), 404-423. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20172322

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Encyclopaedia Britannica (2014). "Goodenough Island". Retrieved from http://academic.eb.com/EBchecked/topic/238778/Goodenough-Island

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Jenness, D. & Ballantyne, A. (1920). The Northern D'Entrecasteaux. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. Retrieved from https://archive.org/stream/northerndentreca00jennuoft#page/28/mode/2up

Keesing, R. M. (1984). Rethinking "mana". Journal of Anthropological Research, 40(1), 137-156, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3629696.

Young, M. W. (1971). Goodenough Island Cargo Cults. Oceania Vol. 42, No. 1 (Sep., 1971), pp. 42-57. University of Sydney: Oceania Publications.

Young, M. W. (1991A). Dobu. In T. E. Hays (Ed.), Encyclopedia of world cultures: Volume 2 Oceania (pp. 49-52). New York: G. K. Hall & Company

Young, MW. (1991). "Goodenough Island". In T.E. Hays (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of World Cultures (Volume II: Oceania) (85-88). New York, NY: G.K. Hall & Co.