Goodenough is one of the islands making up the D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago off the eastern tip of New Guinea. Its people speak several closely related languages. The main source used when coding this culture was Jenness and Ballantyne's 'The Northern D'Entrecasteaux', which was based primarily on observations collected in the district of Bwaidoka in the island's southeast.

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Traditional Culture(1911)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153
Nature god(s) Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153
Ancestral spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 120, 145-153
Deified ancestor(s) Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153
God(s) Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153

Afterlife and Creation

One's actions while living can affect the nature of one's afterlife One factor in determining one's afterlife (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 145-153
The actions of others after one has died can affect the nature of one's afterlife One factor in determining one's afterlife (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 120
Myth of humanity’s creation Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 154-162
Primordial pair Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 154-162
Culture hero(es) Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 154-162

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 150

Classes of Tapu

Social hierarchy tapu Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 63-89, 145-153
Resource management tapu Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36, 145-153
Kinship tapu Present (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 117

Mana

Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Absent (Source)
Blust (2007)
Blevins (2008)
Keesing (1984)
Mana as a personal quality Absent (Source)
Blust (2007)
Blevins (2008)
Keesing (1984)
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Absent (Source)
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920)
Costly sacrifices and offerings Present (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 126
Largest religious community Larger than a local community, smaller than the society (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 109-153
Political and religious differentiation Considerable overlap between religious and political leaders (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 63-75, 131-132

Rites

Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 48-55, 90-108
Scarification Absent from culture (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 48-55, 90-108
Piercing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 54-54, 90-108
Tattooing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 54
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 48-55, 90-108
Social Environment +
Population 10000 (Source)
Young (1983b)
Importance of Patrilateral descent High (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Importance of Matrilateral descent Low (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Kinship system Hawaiian (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Polygamy Monogamy preferred, but exceptional cases of polygyny (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 48
Marital residence Patrilocal or virilocal - with husband's kin (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86

Conflict

(No) external warfare Common, at least every five years (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 76-89
Conflict within community Low (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 82
(No) internal warfare Common, at least every five years (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 82-83
Young (1991B), pp. 82
Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85, 86
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 4.8 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Distance to nearest continent 810.0 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Present: Clear evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Christian influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence but in a region where contact is likely (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Minor (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 20-21, 31
Land-based gathering Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Minor (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 20-21, 31
Agriculture / Horticulture Principal (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 86
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36
Water-based gathering Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Medium (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 28-36
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Jenness & Ballantyne (1920), pp. 182-201
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture One (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Volcanic high island (Source)
'Goodenough Island' (2014)
Island Size (km²) 777.0 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Maximum elevation (meters) 2440.0 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85

Location

Latitude -9.3 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude 150.2 (Source)
Young (1991B), pp. 85
Google Maps (2014)
Post Contact History(1911-2014)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Goodenough (1991), pp. 88
Secular History +

Modern Infrastructure

Air travel Present and long-distance (Source)
'Goodenough Island' (2014)

Loss of Autonomy

Loss of political autonoomy Medium (Source)
'Goodenough Island' (2014)
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Blevins, J. (2008). Some Comparative Notes on Proto-Oceanic *Mana: Inside and Outside the Austronesian Family. Oceanic Linguistics, 47 (2), 253-274. Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/ol/summary/v047/47.2.blevins.html

Blust, R. (2007). Proto-Oceanic *Mana Revisited. Oceanic Linguistics, 46(2), 404-423. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20172322

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Goodenough Island (2014). Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/place/Goodenough-Island

Goodenough, W.H. (1991). "Truk". In Hays, T. (Ed), Encyclopaedia of World Cultures (Volume II: Oceania). New York: G.K. Hall & Co. (351-354).

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Hughes, E. C. (1937). Institutional office and the person. American journal of sociology, 43(3), 404-413.

Jenness, D. & Ballantyne, A. (1920). The Northern D'Entrecasteaux. Oxford, U.K.: Clarendon Press. Retrieved from https://archive.org/stream/northerndentreca00jennuoft#page/28/mode/2up

Keesing, R. M. (1984). Rethinking "mana". Journal of Anthropological Research, 40(1), 137-156, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3629696.

Young, M. W. (1983). ‘The best workmen in Papua': Goodenough Islanders and the labour trade, 1900–196. The Journal of Pacific History, 18(2), 74-95.

Young, M. W. (1991A). Dobu. In T. E. Hays (Ed.), Encyclopedia of world cultures: Volume 2 Oceania (pp. 49-52). New York: G. K. Hall & Company

Young, MW. (1991). 'Goodenough Island'. Encyclopaedia of World Cultures (Volume II: Oceania) (85-88). New York, NY: G.K. Hall & Co.