Also known as: Main Reef Islanders

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Traditional Culture(1900-1925)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Nature god(s) Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Ancestral spirits Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Deified ancestor(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1969)
God(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Afterlife and Creation

Myth of humanity’s creation Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Culture hero(es) Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1969)

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Costly sacrifices and offerings Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Largest religious community Larger than a household, no larger than the local community (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Rites

Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Piercing Present in the culture as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Social Environment +
Population 3000 (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Population of largest political community 99 or fewer (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Importance of Patrilateral descent Medium (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Importance of Matrilateral descent High (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Marital residence Patrilocal or virilocal - with husband's kin (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Polygamy Limited polygyny (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Conflict

Conflict with other cultures Rare or never (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Davenport (1969), pp. 156, 161
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 0.9 (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Distance to nearest continent 2134.0 (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Absent: No evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Christian influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence but in a region where contact is likely (Source)
Davenport (1969), pp. 156
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Minor (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Agriculture / Horticulture Major (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Major (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture Four or more (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Atoll (Source)
Davenport (1969), pp. 151-152
Island Size (km²) 22.0 (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Daft Logic Area Calculator (2014)
Maximum elevation (meters) 46.0 (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Location

Latitude -10.3 (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Longitude 166.3 (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Post Contact History(?)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Use of force in conversion Low (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Resident missionary involvement in conversion process Present, and from non-Austronesian societies (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Syncretic Movements

Syncretic religious movements Absent (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Foreign government systems Present, and of high importance (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Foreign education systems High (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Loss of Autonomy

Loss of political autonoomy High (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Nature of loss of autonomy Largely voluntary (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Economic Changes

Exportation of goods to other cultures Present and substantial (Source)
Davenport (1969)
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Area Calculator. (2014). Retrieved from: http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-area-calculator-tool.htm.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Davenport, W. (1969). Social organization notes on the Northern Santa Cruz Islands: The Duff Islands (Taumako). Baessler-Archiv: Beiträge zur Völkerkunde, Neue folge band 16(41 band), 137-205. Retrieved fromhttps://ehrafworldcultures-yale-edu/ehrafe/citation.do?method=citation&forward=browseCulturesFullContext&col=collection(%27/eHRAF/ethnography/Oceania/ON13%27)&docId=on13-009&tocOffsetId=tocPubInfoP

Davenport, W. (1969). Social organization notes on the Northern Santa Cruz Islands: The Main Reef Islands. Baessler-Archiv: Beiträge zur Völkerkunde, Neue folge band 17(42 band), 151-243. Retrieved from https://ehrafworldcultures-yale-edu/ehrafe/citation.do?method=citation&forward=browseCulturesFullContext&col=collection(%27/eHRAF/ethnography/Oceania/ON13%27)&docId=on13-011&tocOffsetId=tocPubInfoP