Show Map of Location

Traditional Culture(1825-1850)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 158-159
Nature god(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 157-160
Ancestral spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 159
Deified ancestor(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 163-164
God(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 157-160

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 125

Afterlife and Creation

Myth of humanity’s creation Present, and evolutionary (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 164-165
Primordial pair Absent (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 157-225
Culture hero(es) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 164
Smith (1983), pp. 49

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 159, 167=168

Classes of Tapu

Kinship tapu Present (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 81
Resource management tapu Present (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 172-173
Social hierarchy tapu Present (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 167

Mana

Mana as a personal quality Present (Source)
Keesing (1984), pp. 145
Loeb (1978), pp. 184
Mana linked to genealogy Present, linked to paternal lines only (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 185
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Present (Source)
Mana and social status Moderately associated (Source)
Keesing (1984), pp. 145
Loeb (1978), pp. 184
Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Present (Source)
Keesing (1984), pp. 145
Loeb (1978), pp. 184
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 128-189
Costly sacrifices and offerings Present (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 174-175
Size of largest ritual social group Larger than a local community, no larger than the largest political community in the culture (Source)
Smith (1983), pp. 38-46
Loeb (1978), pp. 128, 167
Political and religious differentiation No overlap (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 157-189, 166-167

Rites

Piercing Absent from culture (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 93-94, 176
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 176-177
Scarification Absent from culture (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 176
Tattooing Absent from culture (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 177
Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 176
Social Environment +
Population 5000 (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 45
Population of largest political community 1,000-9,999 (Source)
Smith (1983), pp. 38-46
Loeb (1978), pp. 45, 128
Polygamy Full polygyny (Source)
Hays (1991H), pp. 251
Tregear (1893), pp. 14
Loeb (1978), pp. 79
Marital residence Patrilocal or virilocal - with husband's kin (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 79-80

Conflict

Conflict within communities High (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 128
Conflict between communities of the culture Frequent, occurring at least yearly (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 128
Conflict with other cultures Rare or never (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 23-44, 128-156
Cultural Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Occasional but not often (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 30-34
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 419.7 (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 5
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Distance to African or Asian mainland (km) 8444.6 (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 5
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Absent: No evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Christian influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence but in a region where contact is likely (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 30-34
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Absent (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 106
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Medium (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 106-111
Land-based gathering Minor (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 8-11
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Absent (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 106-111
Agriculture / Horticulture Major (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 8, 102-105
Smith (1983), pp. 6

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Absent (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 96-97
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Medium (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 96-97
Water-based gathering Minor (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 96

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Minor (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 97-98
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Loeb (1928), pp. 90-102
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture One (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 5

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Latitude -19.1 (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 5
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude -169.9 (Source)
Loeb (1978), pp. 5
Google Maps (2014)
Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Atoll (Source)
Walter & Anderson (1995), pp. 471
Island Size (km²) 259.0 (Source)
Walter & Anderson (1995), pp. 471
Maximum elevation (meters) 70.0 (Source)
Walter & Anderson (1995), pp. 471
Post Contact History(1850-2014)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Use of force in conversion Low (Source)
Pointer (2015), pp. 51-72
Resident missionary involvement in conversion process Present, and from Austronesian societies only (Source)
Pointer (2015), pp. 51-72
Smith (1983), pp. 87
Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Smith (1983), pp. 87
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Foreign government systems Present, but of low importance (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Niue) (2015)
Language shift High (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Niue) (2015)

Economic Changes

Changes in means of subsistence Medium (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Niue) (2015)
Exportation of goods to other cultures Present and substantial (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Niue) (2015)

Modern Infrastructure

Vehicles and roads Present and widely used (Source)
Google Maps (2014)
Air travel Present and long-distance (Source)
Google Maps (2014)
Sea port Present (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Niue) (2015)

Loss of Autonomy

Loss of political autonoomy Low (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Niue) (2015)
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Codrington, R.H. (1891). The Melanesians: Studies in their Anthropology and Folk-lore. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Hays, T.E. (1991H). "Niue". In T.E. Hays (Ed.) Encyclopaedia of World Cultures (Volume II: Oceania) (pp 251-252). New York, NY: G.K. Hall & Co.

Keesing, R. M. (1984). Rethinking "mana". Journal of Anthropological Research, 40(1), 137-156, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3629696.

Loeb, E. M. (1928). Mentawei social organization. American Anthropologist, 30(3), 408-433. DOI: 10.1525/aa.1928.30.3.02a00030.

Loeb, E. M. (1974). Sumatra: Its History and People. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Oxford University Press. (Originally published 1935).

Loeb, E.M. (1978). History and Traditions of Niue. Honolulu, HW: Bernice P. Bishop Museum. (Originally published 1926).

Nuie. (2015). In Encyclopaedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Retrieved from http://academic.eb.com /EBchecked/topic/416425/Niue

Pointer, M. (2015). Niue 1774-1974: 200 Years of Contact and Change. Dunedin, NZ: Otago University Press.

Smith, S. P. (1903). Niuē-fekai (or Savage) Island and its People. Wellington, NZ: Whitcombe & Tombs Limited.

Smith, S.P. (1983). Niue: The Island and Its People. Suva, Fiji: The Polynesian Society. (Originally published 1902-1903).

Tregear, E. (1893). Niue: Or Savage Island. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 2(1), 11-16. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20701267

Walter, R. & Anderson, A. (1995). Archaeology of Niue Island: Initial Results. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 104 (4), 471-481. Retrieved from ttp://www.jstor.org/stable/20706637