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Traditional Culture(1933)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Ancestral spirits Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 59-60, 115-116
Elbert & Monberg (1965), pp. 17
God(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 22-23, 50, 59-60

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Monberg (1962)

Afterlife and Creation

One's actions while living can affect the nature of one's afterlife Absent (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 115-116
The actions of others after one has died can affect the nature of one's afterlife Absent (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 115-116
Culture hero(es) Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Monberg (1991), pp. 24, 63-71, 98-106

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 22-23

Classes of Tapu

Social hierarchy tapu Present (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 41, 44
Resource management tapu Present (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 44

Mana

Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Present (Source)
Blust (2007)
Mana as a personal quality Absent (Source)
Blust (2007), pp. 412
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Absent (Source)
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 127
Political and religious differentiation Considerable overlap between religious and political leaders (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 41, 45

Rites

Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 22-38, 105-116
Scarification Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 105-116
Piercing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 38, 105-116
Tattooing Present in the culture as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 107-111
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 111
Social Environment +
Population 1000 (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 30
Population of largest political community 100-999 (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 18, 30, 38-41, 116-117
Importance of Patrilateral descent High (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 112
Importance of Matrilateral descent Low (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 112
Polygamy Limited polygyny (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 112
Marital residence Patrilocal or virilocal - with husband's kin (Source)
Hays (1991G), pp. 277

Conflict

(No) external warfare Occasional, at least every generation (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 116
Kuschel (1988a)
Conflict within community High (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 44
Elbert & Monberg (1965), pp. 16
(No) internal warfare Frequent, occurring at least yearly (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 116-117
Elbert & Monberg (1965), pp. 16
Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 116
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 23.0 (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 8
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Distance to nearest continent 1543.0 (Source)
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Absent: No evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109, 123
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Christian influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence but in a region where contact is likely (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 15
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Minor (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 76-77
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 75-81
Land-based gathering Medium (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 80, 81
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Absent (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 75-81
Agriculture / Horticulture Principal (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 56-57, 81

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Medium (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 64-75, 80-81
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 64-75
Water-based gathering Medium (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 14, 80-81

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Absent (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 16
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 89-104
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture One (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 8

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Atoll (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 8
Island Size (kmĀ²) 650.0 (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 8
Maximum elevation (meters) 160.0 (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 8

Location

Latitude -11.6 (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 8
Longitude 160.3 (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 8
Google Maps (2014)
Post Contact History(1933-2014)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Role of social status in conversion process Primarily a top-down process. (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 16-17
Monberg (1962)
Use of force in conversion Low (Source)
Monberg (1962)
Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Birket-Smith (1969), pp. 21
Resident missionary involvement in conversion process Absent (Source)
Monberg (1962)

Syncretic Movements

Syncretic religious movements Absent (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 5
Elbert & Monberg (1965), pp. 19
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Foreign government systems Present, and of high importance (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 7
Immigration Absent (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 10-12
Language shift Low (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 10
Foreign education systems High (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 23

Economic Changes

Changes in means of subsistence Low (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 17-19
Exportation of goods to other cultures Present but minor (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 19-20

Modern Infrastructure

Vehicles and roads Present but rarely used (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 14
Air travel Present, local only (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 14
Sea port Absent (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 14

Loss of Autonomy

Nature of loss of autonomy Largely voluntary (Source)
Kuschel (1988a)
Loss of political autonoomy High (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 6
Current Culture(2014)Expand All +
Belief +

Religious Demographics

Unofficial religious syncretism Low (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001A), pp. 5
Elbert & Monberg (1965), pp. 19
Institutional religious syncretism Low (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001A), pp. 5
Elbert & Monberg (1965), pp. 19
Dominant world religion Christianity (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001B), pp. 6
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Birket-Smith, K. (1969). An Ethnological Sketch of Rennell Island, a Polynesian Outlier in Melanesia (2nd Edition). Copenhagen, Denmark: Bianco Lunos Bogtrykkeri.

Blust, R. (2007). Proto-Oceanic *Mana Revisited. Oceanic Linguistics, 46(2), 404-423. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20172322

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Elbert, S.H. & Monberg, T. (1965). From the Two Canoes: Oral Traditions on Rennell and Bellona Islands. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press.

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Hays, T.E. (1991G). "Rennell Island". In T.E. Hays (Ed.) Encyclopaedia of World Cultures (Volume II: Oceania) (pp 277). New York, NY: G.K. Hall & Co.

Kuschel, R. (1988a). Early Contacts between Bellona and Rennell Islands and the Outside World. The Journal of Pacific History, 23 (2), 191-200. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/25168958.

Ministry of Provincial Government and Rural Development. (2001). Rennell and Bellona Province Development Profile. Honiara, Solomon Islands: Ministry of Provincial Government and Rural Development.

Monberg, T. (1962). Crisis and Mass Conversion on Rennell Island in 1938. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 71 (2), 145-150. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20703992

Monberg, T. (1991). Bellona Island Beliefs and Rituals. Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press.

Solomon Islands Government (2001). Malaita Province Development Profile. Honiara, Solomon Islands: Ministry of Provincial Government and Rural Development.