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Traditional Culture(1627)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Ancestral spirits Absent (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Deified ancestor(s) Absent (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
God(s) Present, and the principal focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 24

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 15-16

Afterlife and Creation

One's actions while living can affect the nature of one's afterlife One factor in determining one's afterlife (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 23
The actions of others after one has died can affect the nature of one's afterlife Principal determinant of one's afterlife (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 23
Myth of humanity’s creation Present, and creationist (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 24
Primordial pair Absent (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 23

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 24

Classes of Tapu

Kinship tapu Present (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 44

Mana

Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Absent (Source)
Blevins (2008)
Mana as a personal quality Absent (Source)
Blevins (2008)
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Absent (Source)
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Present (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 12-15
Costly sacrifices and offerings Present (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 25
Largest religious community Larger than a household, no larger than the local community (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Political and religious differentiation Some overlap (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25

Rites

Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Scarification Absent from culture (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Piercing Absent from culture (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Tattooing Absent from culture (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Social Environment +
Population 20,000 (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 42
Population of largest political community 1,000-9,999 (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 15
Shepherd (1993), pp. 39-42
Importance of Patrilateral descent Low (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 44
Importance of Matrilateral descent High (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 44
Marital residence Matrilocal or uxorilocal - with wife's kin (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 19-21
Shepherd (1993), pp. 44
Polygamy Monogamy preferred, but exceptional cases of polygyny (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 20

Conflict

Conflict between communities of the culture Frequent, occurring at least yearly (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 27-90
Conflict within communities Moderate (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 15-17
Isolation +
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 0.0 (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 31
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 27-90
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 27-90
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Absent (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 10-12
Land-based gathering Medium (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 9-25
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Medium (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 10-12
Agriculture / Horticulture Principal (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 10-11

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Medium (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 10-11
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Major (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 10-11
Water-based gathering Major (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 10-11

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Absent (Source)
Campbell (1903), pp. 10-12
Metalworking Present (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 28-29
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture One (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 31

Location

Latitude 22.9 (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 31
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude 120.4 (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 31
Google Maps (2014)
Post Contact History(?)Expand All +
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Foreign government systems Present, and of high importance (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 1-2
Immigration High (Source)
Shepherd (1993), pp. 1-2
External Links
References
Blevins, J. (2008). Some Comparative Notes on Proto-Oceanic *Mana: Inside and Outside the Austronesian Family. Oceanic Linguistics, 47 (2), 253-274. Retrieved from http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/ol/summary/v047/47.2.blevins.html

Brunton, R. (1989). The Abandoned Narcotic: Kava and Cultural Instability in Melanesia. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Campbell, W. (1903). Formosa under the Dutch: Described from contemporary records, with explanatory notes and a bibliography of the island. London, U.K.: Kegan Paul. Retrieved from https://archive.org/details/cu31924023514403/mode/2up

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Shepherd, J.R. (1993). Statecraft and political economy on the Taiwan frontier, 1600-1800. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.