Also known as: Duff Islanders

Show Map of Location

Traditional Culture(1875-1900)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Nature god(s) Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Ancestral spirits Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Deified ancestor(s) Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
God(s) Present, and the principal focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Afterlife and Creation

One's actions while living can affect the nature of one's afterlife Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
The actions of others after one has died can affect the nature of one's afterlife Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Myth of humanity’s creation Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Primordial pair Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Culture hero(es) Present, but not a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Davenport (1968)

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Classes of Tapu

Social hierarchy tapu Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Resource management tapu Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Kinship tapu Present (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Largest religious community Larger than a household, no larger than the local community (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Political and religious differentiation No overlap (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Rites

Tooth pulling Absent from culture (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Piercing Present in the culture as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Genital cutting Absent from culture (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Social Environment +
Population 2000 (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Population of largest political community 99 or fewer (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Importance of Patrilateral descent Low (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Importance of Matrilateral descent Low (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Marital residence Patrilocal or virilocal - with husband's kin (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Polygamy Limited polygyny (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Conflict

Conflict between communities of the culture Rare or never (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Conflict with other cultures Rare or never (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Conflict within communities Low (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 96.0 (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Distance to nearest continent 2238.0 (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Absent: No evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Minor (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Land-based gathering Minor (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Agriculture / Horticulture Major (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Major (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Metalworking Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture Two (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Volcanic high island (Source)
Davenport (1969)
Island Size (km²) 11.0 (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Daft Logic Area Calculator (2014)
Maximum elevation (meters) 366.0 (Source)
Davenport (1969)

Location

Latitude -9.9 (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude 167.2 (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Google Maps (2014)
Post Contact History(?)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Use of force in conversion Low (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Davenport (1968)

Syncretic Movements

Syncretic religious movements Absent (Source)
Davenport (1968)
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Foreign government systems Present, and of high importance (Source)
Davenport (1968)
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Area Calculator. (2014). Retrieved from: http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-area-calculator-tool.htm.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Davenport, W. (1969). Social organization notes on the Northern Santa Cruz Islands: The Duff Islands (Taumako). Baessler-Archiv: Beiträge zur Völkerkunde, Neue folge band 16(41 band), 137-205. Retrieved fromhttps://ehrafworldcultures-yale-edu/ehrafe/citation.do?method=citation&forward=browseCulturesFullContext&col=collection(%27/eHRAF/ethnography/Oceania/ON13%27)&docId=on13-009&tocOffsetId=tocPubInfoP

Davenport, W. (1969). Social organization notes on the Northern Santa Cruz Islands: The Main Reef Islands. Baessler-Archiv: Beiträge zur Völkerkunde, Neue folge band 17(42 band), 151-243. Retrieved from https://ehrafworldcultures-yale-edu/ehrafe/citation.do?method=citation&forward=browseCulturesFullContext&col=collection(%27/eHRAF/ethnography/Oceania/ON13%27)&docId=on13-011&tocOffsetId=tocPubInfoP

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com