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Traditional Culture(1865-1890)Expand All +
Belief +

Supernatural Beings

Nature Spirits Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 102-121
Nature god(s) Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 102-121
Ancestral spirits Present, and the principal focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 102
Deified ancestor(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 110-111
God(s) Present, and a major focus of supernatural practice (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 108-109

Supernatural Punishment

Supernatural punishment for impiety Present (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 113-114

Afterlife and Creation

One's actions while living can affect the nature of one's afterlife One factor in determining one's afterlife (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 110-111
The actions of others after one has died can affect the nature of one's afterlife One factor in determining one's afterlife (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 107
Myth of humanity’s creation Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 116-117
Primordial pair Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 116-117
Culture hero(es) Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 102-121, 116-117

General Features

Forces of nature are controlled by or imbued with the supernatural Present (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 117

Classes of Tapu

Kinship tapu Present (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 112
Resource management tapu Present (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 74-75
Social hierarchy tapu Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 61-81, 102-121

Mana

Mana as a personal quality Present (Source)
Keesing (1984), pp. 140
Mana linked to genealogy Present, linked to both paternal and maternal lines (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 26, 110-111
Mana related to social influence or technical skill Absent (Source)
Mana and social status Moderately associated (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 61, 110-111
Mana as a spiritual or religious concept Present (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 110-111
Practice +

General Supernatural Practices

Headhunting Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 90-95, 102-121
Costly sacrifices and offerings Present (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 108
Size of largest ritual social group Larger than the largest political community in the culture (Source)
Hogbin (1929), pp. 82, 95
Political and religious differentiation Considerable overlap between religious and political leaders (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 62-63, 105-106

Rites

Piercing Present in culture, but not as a rite or feature of a rite (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. I, V, VI, X, XII, XIII, XIV, 30-60
Scarification Absent from culture (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. Plates I-XXIV
Tattooing Absent from culture (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. Plates I-XXIV
Social Environment +
Population of largest political community 100-999 (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 25, 82
Importance of Patrilateral descent Medium (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 25
Keesing (1991), pp. 161
Importance of Matrilateral descent Medium (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 25
Keesing (1991), pp. 161

Conflict

Conflict with other cultures Rare or never (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 82-101
Conflict between communities of the culture Common, at least every five years (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 82-101, 88-91
Conflict within communities Low (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 76-77
Cultural Isolation +
Contact with other cultures Frequent, through trade, warfare, travel, etc. (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 17, 18-19
Distance to closest landmass inhabited by a different culture (km) 0.0 (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 17
Distance to African or Asian mainland (km) 5806.4 (Source)
Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands) (2014)
Daft Logic Distance Calculator (2014)
Pre-Austronesian population Present: Clear evidence of human occupation prior to Austronesian settlement (Source)
Bellwood (1995), pp. 109
Hindu / Buddhist influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.21
Islamic influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence and not in region of known contact (Source)
Cribb (2000), pp. Map 2.23
Christian influence on supernatural belief No evidence of influence but in a region where contact is likely (Source)
Timmer (2012), pp. 202-203
Subsistence and Economy +

Land-based means of subsistence

Animal husbandry as a source of food Medium (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19, 61
Land-based hunting performed by individuals Minor (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19
Land-based gathering Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19
Land-based hunting performed by one or more groups Minor (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19
Agriculture / Horticulture Principal (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19

Water-based means of subsistence

Fishing and water-based hunting performed by one or more groups Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19
Fishing and water-based hunting performed by individuals Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19
Water-based gathering Absent (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19

Commercial Activity

Trade / wage labour as a source of food Major (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 18-19
Physical Environment +

Geographical Range of Culture

Number of islands inhabited by culture One (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 17

Features of Island with Largest Culture Population

Latitude -8.4 (Source)
Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands) (2014)
Google Maps (2014)
Longitude 160.6 (Source)
Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands) (2014)
Google Maps (2014)
Island type (island with largest culture population or largest island if unknown) Volcanic high island (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Malaita) (2014)
Island Size (km²) 4200.0 (Source)
Moore (2007), pp. 214
Maximum elevation (meters) 1438.0 (Source)
Encyclopaedia Britannica (Malaita) (2014)
Post Contact History(1890-2014)Expand All +
Religious History +

Conversion

Role of social status in conversion process Mixed / Neither (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 179-184
Use of force in conversion Low (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 174-184
Resident missionary involvement in conversion process Present, and from non-Austronesian societies (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 174-175
Adoption of a world religion Present and predominant (Source)
Keesing (1991), pp. 163
Secular History +

Demographic and Social Changes

Foreign government systems Present, and of high importance (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 141-143

Modern Infrastructure

Air travel Present, local only (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001A), pp. 18-19
Sea port Absent (Source)
Solomon Islands Government (2001A), pp. 19

Economic Changes

Exportation of goods to other cultures Present and substantial (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 160-172

Loss of Autonomy

Loss of political autonoomy High (Source)
Hogbin (1939), pp. 153
Current Culture(2014)Expand All +
Belief +

Religious Demographics

Institutional religious syncretism Low (Source)
Timmer (2012)
Dominant world religion Christianity (Source)
Timmer (2012), pp. 202-203
External Links
References
Bellwood, P. (1995). Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation. P. Bellwood, J.J. Fox, & D. Tryon (Eds.), The Austronesians: Historical and Comparative Perspectives (pp 113-114). Canberra, Australia: ANU Press.

Cribb, R. (2000). Historical atlas of Indonesia. Surrey, UK: Curzon Press.

Daft Logic Distance Calculator. (2014). http://www.daftlogic.com/projects-google-maps-distance-calculator.htm.

Encyclopaedia Britannica (Malaita). (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/359476/Malaita

Encyclopaedia Britannica (Solomon Islands). (2014). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/553556/Solomon-Islands

Ethnologue (Map of Solomon Islands). (2014). Map of Solomon Islands. Retrieved from http://www.ethnologue.com/map/SB.

Google Maps (2014). Retrieved from maps.google.com

Hogbin, H. I. (1929). Ongtong Java. Australian Geographer, 1(2), 86-91. DOI: 10.1080/00049182908702064.

Hogbin, H.I. (1939). Experiments in Civilization: The Effects of European Culture on a Native Community of the Solomon Islands. London, UK: George Routledge and Sons.

Keesing, R. M. (1984). Rethinking "mana". Journal of Anthropological Research, 40(1), 137-156, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3629696.

Keesing, R. M. (1991). Malaita. In Hays, T. E. (Ed.), Encyclopaedia of World Cultures Volume II: Oceania (160-163). New York, NY: G.K. Hall & Co.

Moore, C. (2007). The Misappropriation of Malaitan Labour. The Journal of Pacific History, 42 (2), 211-232. DOI: 10.1080/00223340701461668

Solomon Islands Government (2001). Malaita Province Development Profile. Honiara, Solomon Islands: Ministry of Provincial Government and Rural Development.

Timmer, J. (2012). "Straightening the Path from the Ends of the Earth: The Deep Sea Canoe Movement in Solomon Islands". In Manderson, L.; Smith, W. & Tomlinson, M. (Eds.), Flows of Faith: Religious Reach and Community in Asia and the Pacific. (pp 201-214). Netherlands: Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-2932-2_12